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The Role of Critical Minerals in Key Energy Transitions

Notes based on the IEA Report, May 2021.

Average mineral intensity of new power generation capacity, 2010-2019

The types of mineral resources used vary by technology:

Lithium, Cobalt, NickelBattery performance, longevity and energy density.
Rare Earth Elements (REEs)Magnets for wind turbines and EVs.
Copper and AluminiumElectricity networks.
Share of top three producing countries in extraction of selected minerals and fossil fuels, 2019